2020 Bihar Election Dates, Schedule
The Election Commission of India on Friday announced a three-phase polling in Bihar which is As per the schedule, the first phase polling will be held on October 28 (71 seats there), second phase polling will be held on November 3 (94 seats there), and the third phase polling will be held on November 7 (78 seats there).
The results will be declared on November 10 that will make people curious about the elections.
Addressing the media, Chief Election Commissioner Sunil Arora said that this would be the biggest election in the world during the coronavirus outbreak, at least in the immediate future. He said all Covid-19 protocols will be put in place for the conduct of elections in the eastern state. He informed that only 1,000 voters will be allowed to cast votes at one polling booth. Over 7 lakh hand sanitiser units, about 46 lakh masks, 6 lakh PPE kits, 6.7 lakh units of faces-shields, and 23 lakh (pairs of) hand gloves arranged would be arranged. For voters specifically, he said, 7.2 crore single-use hand gloves would be provided that are the factors of safety.
Bihar, the 12th largest state in India in terms of geographical area, is situated in North India. The constitutional head of Bihar is the Governor, who is appointed by the President of India. The real execution powers rest with the Chief Minister, who is democratically elected by the people of the state. Bihar has been a prominent state since the pre-independence era. The state has conducted elections in accordance with the Indian Constitution. To create law and order in the state and build a local body, elections have been held at regular intervals in accordance with the Indian laws and as approved by the Indian Parliament. Bihar is one of the major political centres of the Indian politics and considered as an important state. A number of prominent politicians from Bihar have contributed to the development of the nation. The state has 40 parliamentary constituencies. There are 243 legislative assembly constituencies in Bihar.
BIHAR ASSEMBLY POLLS SCHEDULE:
– 1st Phase: 28 October, 71 Seats
– 2nd Phase: 3 November, 94 Seats
– 3rd Phase: 7 November, 78 Seats
– Counting: 10 November
Factor Of Safety By The Government
7 Lakh Sanitizers, 46 Lakh Masks Arranged Chief Election Commissioner of India, Sunil Arora said that the poll body has held several interactions with CEO of Bihar and these are some of the arrangements being made for the conduct of assembly elections amid coronavirus pandemic:
– 7 lakh sanitizers
– 46 lakh masks
– 6 lakh PPE kits
– 7.6 lakh units of face shields
-23 lakh unit of hand gloves
Election Commission of India Announced
The EC announced the schedule for Bihar assembly elections on Friday. But the top court was hearing the plea filed by one Ajay Kumar who contended that the general assembly elections cannot be held smoothly due to the pandemic. But the Bihar Assembly makes elections till the situation becomes normal.
LEADERS & PARTYS
- Tejashwi Yadav – RJD
- Nitish Kumar – JDU
- Sushil Kumar Modi – BJP
- Madan Mohan Jha – INC
- Dipankar Bhattacharya – CPI
- Upendra Kushwaha – RLSP
- Chirag Paswan – LJP
- Jitan Ram Manjhi – HAM
- Akhtarul Iman – AIMIM
Guidelines for the Bihar Election
• Door-to-door campaign is subject to restrictions. Only five, including the candidate but excluding the security personnel, are allowed for door-to-door campaigning.
• The convoy of vehicles should be broken after every five vehicles instead of 10 vehicles.The interval between two sets of convoy of vehicles should be half an hour instead of gap of 100 meters.
• Every person shall wear face masks during every election-related activity.
• Thermal screening of all persons. Sanitizer, soap and water to be made available at every booth.
• Large halls should be identified as booths and counting centres so that social distancing can be maintained.
• Nomination form will be made available online. It can be filled online and its print may be taken out for submitting.
• Affidavit can also be filled online.
• Candidates can deposit security money online though the cash deposit option will also be there.
• Only two persons can accompany a candidate for submission of nomination.
• Only two vehicles will be allowed during the nomination filing process.
• Not more than 7 counting tables should be allowed in a counting hall. Hence, three to four halls may be taken up for the counting of votes of one constituency.
• The maximum number of voters at a polling station in Bihar has been reduced from 1,500 to 1,000.
• The Election Commission earlier decided not to extend the postal ballot facility to voters over 65 years, citing challenges and constraints to implement this rule.
• The postal ballot rule would, however, be applicable for voters over the age of 80, disabled or those suffering from coronavirus.
• Thus the government are taking all responsibility about the pandemic situation.
Bihar Major Political Parties
Janata Dal (United) : The JD (U) is considered to be in the centre-left of the political spectrum and has strong political base in Bihar and Jharkhand. The current form of the party started taking shape after the merger of the Janata Dal’s Sharad Yadav faction, the Samata Party, and the Lok Shakti Party on October 30, 2003. The JD (U) had a 17-year-old alliance with the BJP and was an important component of the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA). However, it broke away from the BJP for elevating Narendra Modi as NDA’s Prime Ministerial candidate in 2013. The three ideological tenets of Janata Dal (United) are secularism, integral humanism and socialism. Sharad Yadav is the chairperson of the party. The JD (U)’s election symbol is arrow. The party had won 20 seats in the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, while it could manage a mere two seats in 2014.
Rashtriya Janata Dal : The RJD is largely based in Bihar and was founded by Lalu Prasad Yadav in 1997. In terms of caste-and religion-based politics, Muslims and Yadavs are its main vote banks. The basic ideological tenets theoretically followed by the party include values of social justice, secularism, and equality. Lalu not only became the Chief Minister of the state but also came to be known as one of the most successful Railway Ministers of India. Keeping the Lok Sabha elections of 2014 and the Bihar assembly election of 2015 in mind, the RJD started the Parivartan Rally. Lalu Prasad Yadav is the chairperson as well as the leader of the party in Lok Sabha. In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, the RJD won four seats. The number did not change for the RJD in 2014 as well. The election symbol of the party is lantern.
Indian National Congress : The Indian National Congress’ Bihar unit is called Bihar Pradesh Congress Committee (BPCC) and is headquartered at Sadaqat Ashram in Patna, Bihar. Ashok Choudhary is its president in Bihar. It has many frontal organisations such as the Bihar Pradesh Youth Congress (BPYC), the Bihar Pradesh Congress Seva Dal (BPCSD), the Bihar Pradesh Congress INTUC and the Bihar Pradesh Congress NSUI. In 2009 and 2014, the party won two seats each time. The election symbol of the INC is palm
Bharatiya Janata Party : The BJP has considerable strength in Bihar. This state is among some of those states where the Narendra Modi factor has worked strongly. Bihar BJP’s state president is Mangal Pandey. The General Secretary of the Bihar BJP is Dharmendra Pradhan, who is also an MP. The frontal organisations of the BJP are the Bharatiya Janata Mazdoor Morcha, the Kisan Morcha, the Minority Morcha, the Mahila Morcha, the S.C. Morcha, the S.T. Morcha and the Yuva Morcha.